Breadboard with Capacitors

Graduation Requirements
Science Physical
Field & Cluster
Engineering
Equipment/Materials Needed
Material

9-volt battery

LED

Leads

470 Resistor

330 Resistor

Breadboard

100 micro-farad Capacitor

ICB
Description
Capacitors are an important part of electronic components. Capacitors store charge like a battery and discharge rapidly.

Badge Completion Requirements

Introduction to Capacitors

Capacitors can store charge like a battery. The advantage of a capacitor is that it charges and discharges very quickly. The disadvantage is that they require a large storage area for little energy.

A capacitor:

How a capacitor works within a circuit

Explain the internal parts of a capacitor

Discuss how to increase the capacitance 

Develop and submit a presentation that demonstrates your understanding of capacitors. Please include the "prompts" in your presentation.

Building a Circuit with a Capacitor

Experiment

Object 

To light the LED using a battery and a capacitor

Safety

Capacitors have a positive and negative leg. If reversed the capacitor will become very hot and possibly explode. Use with caution.

Material

9-volt battery

LED

Leads

470 Resistor

330 Resistor

Breadboard

100 micro-farad Capacitor

Procedure

Please review the following, and construct the circuit

Caution: The negative pin of the cap is usually indicated by a "-" marking, and/or a colored strip along with the can. They might also have a longer positive leg. Below are 10µF (left) and a 1mF electrolytic capacitors, each of which has a dash symbol to mark the negative leg, as well as a longer positive leg

cap

Please construct the circuit below:

schematic

Please develop and submit a presentation that demonstrates your skills at breadboarding. Please include the use of a capacitor.