The word "Deciduous" means "falling off or out at a certain season". That explains why deciduous forest means a forest in which the leaves fall off the trees when the winter comes.
The deciduous forests are located in the temperate zone above the tropical forests and below the coniferous forests. Most of Europe, the eastern half of North America, parts of Japan and Asia were once covered with large deciduous forests.
Temperature-30°C to 30°C, the yearly average is 10°C, hot summers, cold winters
Precipitation750 to 1,500 mm of rain per year
VegetationBroadleaf trees (oaks, maples, beeches), shrubs, perennial herbs, and mosses
LocationEastern United States, Canada, Europe, China, and Japan
OtherTemperate deciduous forests are most notable because they go through four seasons. Leaves change color in autumn, fall off in the winter, and grow back in the spring; this adaptation allows plants to survive cold winters.
The types of trees you can find in these forests are commonly known as ash, oak, lime, beech, birch and northern arrow-wood.
Also found in this biome are wildflowers such as oxlip, bluebells, painted trillium and primrose. As well as things such as carpet moss, tawny milk-cap mushrooms, and lady fern.
The deciduous forest has four distinct seasons, spring, summer, autumn, and winter. In the autumn the leaves change color. During the winter months, the trees lose their leaves. The plants have adapted to the forests by leaning toward the sun. Soaking up the nutrients in the ground is also a way of adaptation.
A lot of deciduous forests have lost land to farms and towns. Although people are trying to preserve these forests, some poaches still intrude upon these protected land to illegally hunt and kill. The balance of the ecosystem in these forests is losing mainly due to human’s habitat fragmentation, using the lands for home estates or agriculture