There are at least seventeen types of hawks in North America and all but six of these species can be found in Canada and the USA. The Broad-winged Hawk, Cooper's Hawk, Ferruginous Hawk, Goshawk, Red-shouldered Hawk, Red-tailed Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk, Sharp-Shinned Hawk, and the Swainson's Hawk live throughout areas of North America. The Common Black-Hawk, Harris's Hawk, Gray Hawk, Short-tailed Hawk, White-tailed Hawk, and the Zone-tailed Hawk can be found in the southern States and Mexico.
Each of these hawk types has adapted and survive in many different habitats. They can be found in conifers, living in wet areas and gliding over fields in search of their prey, to perching on lookouts watching for movement below.
The Cornell Lab of Ornithology